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Protecting Air Quality

There's no substitute for real-life fire fighting experience, and live fire training -- where structures are burned as part of a supervised training exercise -- can provide invaluable teaching opportunities to fire department personnel. But these trainings also impact the environment, especially air quality. Live fire trainings are subject to state and federal asbestos regulations as well as specific guidelines designed to minimize harmful emissions.

What is "Bona Fide" fire training?

The Kentucky Division for Air Quality recognizes the standards set forth in the National Fire Protection Association's publication "NFPA 1403 Live Fire Training Evolutions in Structures 1986" as representing bona fide fire training. The burning of structures where NFPA 1403 standards are not followed, burning for purposes of urban renewal or inexpensive disposal are not considered bona fide fire training and are prohibited by Kentucky's open burning regulation.

How do I apply for a live fire training?

Complete the Kentucky Fire Commission Application for Live Fire Training, which includes the Division for Air Quality application for fire training. Mail a copy of the completed application packet to both the Kentucky Fire Commission and the Kentucky Division for Air Quality regional office in your area at least 15 working days prior to the training date. Both agencies will review the submitted applications for approval.

Will I need an asbestos survey?

Yes. According to 401 KAR 58:025, if a structure is demolished by intentional burning, all asbestos-containing material must be identified and removed in accordance with federal law before burning.

Fire Training Checklist

Prior to the scheduled fire training:

  • Submit applications to Fire Commission and Division for Air Quality
  • Perform an asbestos survey
  • Remove asbestos-containing material
  • Remove additional materials likely to produce toxic emissions including:
    • Carpeting/flooring
    • Furniture
    • Shingles
    • Siding
  • Schedule final inspection with Division for Air Quality regional office
  • Receive final approval from Kentucky Fire Commission and Division for Air Quality
  • Please note: In accordance with 19 RS SB 104/GA, beginning on July 15, 2020, class B firefighting foam that contains intentionally added PFAS chemicals shall not be used for firefighting training purposes or testing purposes unless otherwise required by law, regulation, or ordinance, and the testing facility has implemented best industry practices to prevent uncontrolled releases of class B firefighting foam in the environment. Violation of this subsection shall be subject to KRS 227.336.