No-Cost Assessments for Communities
Before taking ownership of any property that has a questionable past, it is highly recommended that you have a Phase I environmental assessment performed to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) All Appropriate Inquiries (AAI) standard. This can provide some liability protection and makes some sites eligible for EPA brownfield cleanup grants.
The Kentucky Brownfield Program provides environmental assessments free of charge to local governments, nonprofit organizations and other quasi-governmental agencies through our Targeted Brownfield Assessment (TBA) Program. They are performed on a first-come, first-served basis. After the TBA is performed, program staff can help entities determine the future path of their property.
All Appropriate Inquiries (AAI)
All appropriate inquiry refers to the requirements for assessing the environmental conditions of a property prior to its acquisition. Phase I assessments that adhere to this standard must be performed prior to the purchase of a property in order to make owners eligible for Bona Fide Prospective Purchaser status and federal brownfield cleanup grants.
Phase I Assessment
This is the first step in the full site assessment process. This is essentially a review of past uses of the property to determine if there is the potential that the property is contaminated. Typical activities performed in this phase include, but are not limited to, Sanborn map review, interviews with property owners and local residents, review of state and federal environmental records and analysis of hydrogeological conditions. At completion, the report will outline conclusions and make recommendations for further action if needed. Some properties are cleared by this process and require no other testing. Others may require further testing, which leads to a Phase II assessment.
Phase II Assessment
When a recognized environmental condition is found during a Phase I assessment, a Phase II assessment is done to confirm or disprove the presence of contaminants. The testing also helps determine what contaminants are present, where on the property they are located and the level of contamination. Phase II activities include soil samples to screen for chemical or metal contamination, groundwater or surface water sampling and testing of materials found in buildings on the property. Cleanup plans are determined by the findings of the Phase II assessment and the end use of the property.